Arethusana arethusa ([Dennis et Schiffermuller], [1775])
  Arethusana  arethusa   ([Dennis et Schiffermuller], [1775])

TYPE LOCALITY. "Umgebung von Wien" [Vienna, Austria].

RANGE. From Morocco and Spain across S., Middle and SE. Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor and the Middle East to the S. Altai, SW. Siberia and N. Tian-Shan.

DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. The S. European part, W. Siberia - the nominate subspecies; N. and W. Tian-Shan, Dzhungarsky Alatau, Saur and Tarbagatai - ssp. heptapotamica (Stauder, 1924); the Caucasus Major and Minor, the Armenian Highland - ssp. pontica (Heyne, [1895]).

HABITAT AND BIOLOGY. Mountain and foothill steppes and arid sparse woodlands up to 2,500 m a.s.l. Flight period: June-August. Host plants (Eckstein, 1913; Hesselbarth et al., 1995): Festuca, Bromus erectus, Dactylis, Poa and other grasses. Pupation under the ground.

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997

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