LEPIDOPTERA

Aphantopus hyperantus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  Aphantopus hyperantus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

TYPE LOCALITY. Sweden.

RANGE. From Europe (except for the Mediterranean and Arctic areas) across temperate Asia to the Ussuri region and Korea.

DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. The nominate subspecies occurs in the European part as well as in the Caucasus Major and Minor. Other known subspecies are as follows:

ssp. sibiricus Obraztsov, 1936 - the Altai, S. Siberia and Transbaikalia;

ssp. sajana (O. Bang-Haas, 1906) - the Sayan Mts.;

ssp. ocellata (Butler, 1882) (= amurensis Staudinger, 1892; = insularis Kurentzov, 1966) - the Amur and Ussuri regions;

ssp. arctica (Seitz, 1909) - the N. European part.

TAXONOMIC NOTES. All above subspecies show no significant distinctive characters and most probably should be regarded as synonyms.

HABITAT AND BIOLOGY. A typical species of forest and forest-steppe inhabiting forest edges and clearings on plains as well as in the mountains up to 1,500 m a.s.l., though not above the mixed forest belt. Flight period: June-August. Hibernation larval. Host plants in Europe (Eckstein, 1913; Ebert, 1991; etc.): grasses Poa, Milium, Calamagrostis, Dactylis, Elytrigia, Holcus, Anthoxanthum, also Carex.

SIMILAR SPECIES. Coenonympha oedippus: much smaller; UNH with eye-spot in space M2-M3.

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997




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