Thaleropis ionia   Eversmann, 1851
Thaleropis ionia Eversmann, 1851

• TYPE LOCALITY. «Amasia» [Turkey].

• SYNONYM: ammonia (Herrich-Schaffer, [1851])

• RANGE. Armenia, Azerbaijan; Turkey, Iran.

• DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. Both Armenia and Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan) are populated by the nominotypical taxon.

• HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. Flood plains and near streams. Females occurring in tree crowns, males often on puddles and dung. Flight period: June to August, in two generations. Host plant in Turkey (Staudinger, 1878): Celtis tournefortii (not Salix spp., as erroneously referred to by Hesselbarth et al., 1995). In Transcaucasia, egg-laying solitarily on leaves of Celtis glabrata. Starting from the first instar, larvae living in a common nest. Pupa hanging on the leaf petiole, often inside the nest. Hibernation pupal (Dantchenko, pers. comm.).

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 2. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 2000

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