LEPIDOPTERA

Leptidea sinapis sinapis (Linnaeus, 1758)

 Leptidea sinapis

TYPE LOCALITY. Sweden.

RANGE. The whole of Europe and eastwards across the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Middle East, Middle Asia, Kazakhstan and S. Siberia to the Baikal region.

DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. Geographical variation is modest, nonetheless the following subspecies are recognized: spp. sinapis (Linnaeus, 1758) - the European part, W. Siberia, the S. Altai; ssp. pseudodiniensis (Pfeiffer, 1927) - the Caucasus Major and Minor, Kopet-Dagh; ssp. melanoinspersa Verity, 1911 - W. and N. Tian-Shan, Dzhungarsky Alatau, Alai. The status of the form known from Darvaz is uncertain.

HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. Meadows, forest edges and sparse forests up to 2,500 m a.s.1. Flight period: April-October in two, sometimes three, generations. Host plants in Europe (Eckstein, 1913; Lorkovic, 1947; Ebert, 1991; etc.): Fabaceae (Lathyrus pratensis, Lotus corniculatus, Vicia spp.).

SIMILAR SPECIES. L. morsei (mainly the first generation differing): FW more produced along Ml vein; apical spot divided by grey stripes along veins (in males); UNH ocherous-yellowish with a typical transverse pattern (in the second generation FW are less strongly produced along Ml vein; UNH transversal pattern is less strongly marked but still visible). L. duponcheli: UPH apical black spot stretched and continued as a shade along termen; UNH with greenish superscaling at base, best developed in first generation adults. L. amurensis: FW very strongly produced.

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997




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