Danaus chrysippus (Linnaeus, 1758)
 Danaus chrysippus


•SYNONYMS: aegyptus (Schroeder, 1759); chrysippe (Hubner, [1816]).

•RANGE. Palaearctic (south), Afrotropical, Oriental and Australian regions.

•DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. Active migrant, migratory specimens often observed in Middle Asia (Kopet-Dagh, Turan up to Aral Sea), also recorded in Transcaucasia (Nakhichevan and Lenkoran).

•HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. Open landscapes such as valleys, deserts and/or borders of riparian forests. Flight period: individual specimens in spring (April to May) but in September to October much more numerous. Host plants (Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984): different species of Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias, Cynanchum, Gomphocarpus, Metaplexis, etc.


  • Family DANAIDAE Boisduval, [1833]

    • PARANTICA Moore,[1880]

      • Parantica sita (Kollar, [1844])

Parantica sita (Kollar, [1844])
 Parantica sita

•TYPE LOCALITY. Mussoorie, N. India.

•SYNONYM: tytia(Gray, 1846).

• RANGE. Ussuri region, Sakhalin; N. India and Nepal to Tibet, Indo-China, Taiwan, Korea and Japan.

•DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. Occurring locally in the S. and central Ussuri regions and Sakhalin, where obviously represented by the ssp. niphonica (Moore, 1883).

•HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. Mixed deciduous and/or mountain forests up to 1,000 m a. S.I. Flight period: often in August to September but individual specimens in April to May. Host plant in the S. Ussuri region (Dantchenko & Nikolaevsky, in press): Metaplexis japonica.


Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 2. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 2000