Aporia crataegi crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758)
• TYPE LOCALITY. Sweden.
• RANGE. The entire Palaearctic Region, except for the extreme north and south.
• DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. Although a great number of varieties have been described, the subspecies below remain largely doubtful due to the species being poorly variable: ssp. crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758) (= colona Krulikowsky, 1909; = karavaevi Kruli- kowsky, 1926) - the European part, W. Siberia, the Caucasus Major and Minor; ssp. meinhardi Krulikowsky, 1909 (= sibirica Verity, 1911; = sqjana Verity, 1911; = asiatica Meinhard, 1916) - Siberia, the Altai, the Sayan Mts., Transbaikalia, the Far East, Kamchatka; ssp. banghaasi Bryk, 1921 (= ussurica Kardakov, 1928; = sordida Kardakov, 1928) - the Amur and Ussuri regions; ssp. sachalinensis Matsumura, 1925 - Sakhalin; ssp. adherbal Fruhstorfer, 1910 (= nip ho nica Verity, 1911) - the Kuriles; ssp. irardca Forster, 1939 - the Armenian Highland, the Talysh Mts.; ssp. pellucida Rjiiber, 1907 (= sheljuzhkoi Bryk et Meinhard, 1912) - Kopet-Dagh; ssp. tianschanica Ruhl, 1893 (= naryna Sheljuzhko, 1910; = centralasiae Verity, 1911) - N. and Inner Tian-Shan, Dzhungarsky Alatau, Ghissar, S. Ghissar, Darvaz, Alai; ssp. shugnana Sheljuzhko, 1925 - the W. Pamirs.
• HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. One of the commonest species in our fauna, occurring in almost all habitat types except for tundras, deserts and high altitudes. Flight period: May-October depending on the latitude, in one to three, sometimes even more, generations. Outbreaks are common, leading to significant damages of orchards. Larvae can feed on numerous species of Rosaceae and Vacciniaceae (Kurentzov, 1970; Gorbunov, Korshunov, 1995; etc.), preferring various shrubs (Crataegus, Prunus, Vaccinium, etc.). Hibernation larval.
• SIMILAR SPECIES. A. hippia: UNH yellowish with a bright yellow spot at wing base.
Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997