Iphiclides podalirius
Iphiclides podalirius podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758)

TYPE LOCALITY."Livorno, Toskania [Italy].
RANGE. From N. Africa across Middle, S. and E. Europe to Asia Minor and the Middle East, and across Kazakhstan to the Altai, SW. Siberia and W. China.
DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. The central (sporadically) and S. European part, the Caucasus Major and Minor, W. and N. Tlan-Shan, Dzhungarsky Alatau, Saul and Tarbagatai - the nominate subspecies; the Armenian Highland, Talysh, Kopet- Dagh - ssp. persica. Verity, 1911. In some years, the distribution reaches the Moscow Region.
HABITATS AND BIOLOGY. Low-mountain forests (up to 1,900 m a.s.l.), river valleys, bushy gorges and ravines, forest edges. Flight periods: May-June and July-September in two generations; in northern areas, only one generation is known annually. Host plants (Kreuzberg, 1984; etc.): various arboreal Rosaceae, e.g. Prunus spinosa, P. cerasifera, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Sorbus spp., etc. Pupa hibernating.

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997

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